Using heat to soothe the pain Using ice to reduce swelling Possible cortisone injections Possible surgery when no other treatments work Osteoarthritis, also called degenerative arthritis, is a degenerative condition that commonly affects the small joints of the fingers and the base of the thumb. Common in both men and women, it can cause the joints to become swollen, stiff and painful. It often leads to joint enlargement, interfering with normal hand function and significantly impacting a person's quality of life. There are two main types of hand arthritis: Carpal tunnel syndrome Carpal tunnel syndrome Carpal tunnel syndrome is a condition in which the median nerve is compressed as it passes through the carpal tunnel in the wrist, a narrow confined space.
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Motor symptoms consistent of muscle weakness; sensory symptoms or paresthesias consist of numbness or tingling in the areas innervated by the ulnar nerve. The type of symptoms depend on the location of ulnar nerve impingement, because the ulnar nerve consists of different sub-types of nerves along its course. In cubital tunnel syndrome a type of proximal impingement , sensory and motor symptoms tend to occur in a certain sequence. Initially, there may be numbness of the small and ulnar fourth finger which may be transient. If the impingement is not corrected, the numbness may become constant and progress to hand weakness.
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