Attention deficit disorder affects many adults, and its wide variety of frustrating symptoms can hinder everything from your relationships to your career. But help is available—and learning about ADHD is the first step. Once you understand the challenges, you can learn to compensate for areas of weakness, take advantage of your strengths, and fulfill your potential. ADHD often goes unrecognized throughout childhood. This was especially common in the past, when very few people were aware of ADHD.
Attention Deficit Disorder/ADD Test
Attention Deficit Disorder Test.
Although difficult to assess in infancy and toddlerhood, signs of ADHD may begin to appear as early as age two or three, but the symptom picture changes as adolescence approaches. Although they may be quite intelligent, their lack of focus frequently results in poor grades and difficulties in school. Children with ADHD act impulsively, taking action first and thinking later. They are constantly moving, running, climbing, squirming, and fidgeting, but often have trouble with gross and fine motor skills and, as a result, may be physically clumsy and awkward.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Intolerant and frustrated, easily irritated Impulsive, snap decisions and irresponsible behaviors Loses temper easily, angers quickly The tendency to hyperfocus on particularly stimulating or emotionally engaging tasks. Genetic factors are presumed important, and it has been suggested that environmental factors may affect how symptoms manifest. In higher organisms, such as humans, these functions are thought to reside in the frontal lobes. They enable recall of tasks that need accomplishing, organization to accomplish these tasks, assessment of consequences of actions, prioritization of thoughts and actions, keeping track of time, awareness of interactions with surroundings, the ability to focus despite competing stimuli, and adaptation to changing situations. In particular, areas of the prefrontal cortex appear to be the most affected.
Autism spectrum disorder ASD: Learning disabilities can include developmental speech and language disorders and academic skills disorders. Adolescents and adults with ADHD are at increased risk of substance abuse. They can also occur as a side effect of medications used to treat ADHD.